Thief!

Many of you may not know this, ( I personally didn’t either until now) but Shakespeare is just a plagiarist! Today in my English class, we received a piece of text to read which was named Amleth’s Revenge. Sound familiar? Maybe that’s because it seems to sound EXACTLY like HamletAmleth’s Revenge was written by Saxo Grammaticus, about four hundred years before Shakespeare’s Hamlet. There’s more: the title of the play isn’t the only thing that is similar between these two pieces of work, the story line and character connections might as well be the exact same thing.

 

Hamlet

 

Click here for a copy of Amleth’s Revenge by Saxo Grammaticus to see just how similar the two are.

If you still don’t believe me, let me just list a few things which – if you’ve read Hamlet – you’ll be able to see that the “great mind” of Shakespeare really can be accused of taking his ideas from other pieces of work…

Here is the first paragraph from Amleth’s Revenge:

“Feng has murdered his brother, the King of Denmark and the father of Amleth, and has married the queen. Amleth, the heir to the throne, feels that his life is threatened.”

Right off the bat we can easily see that the plot line is exactly the same from Hamlet. Let’s see what happens when we take the same paragraph but replace it with the appropriate character from Hamlet: Claudius has murdered his brother, the King of Denmark and the father of Hamlet, and has married the queen. Hamlet, the heir to the throne, feels that his life is threatened. As you can easily see, it`s pretty much the exact same concept.

There are several other connections between the two plays, but I don’t think that you would want me to bore you will all of the details. If you do however wish to look into this further, here is a link to another source which explains more in depth the connection between the two plays.

 

Rather than going into detail about how similar these two pieces are, I would rather discuss what kind of an impact this has on the play Hamlet and Shakespeare as a writer. I used to have some sort of an idea that a few things from Shakespeare’s plays were from other places, but I never knew how similar they really were. These connections between Hamlet and Amleth’s Revenge came as a complete shock for me and I’m sure a few of you would feel the same. The fact that I now know that Shakespeare barely even wrote anything from his own ideas, kind of makes me think of him in a different way. Many individuals always refer to Shakespeare as a “brilliant literate mind” or someone who helped shape the way we study literature, but frankly, now it just seems that he was a plagiarist who was smart enough to make someone else’s work even more famous under his own name. I don’t doubt it that Shakespeare had certain plays which were (majority of) original, but the fact that one of his most famous and most well known plays was “copied” from someone else’s work, just seems to ruin the entire effect and help show what type of a person Shakespeare was while he was alive.

 

Side note: If you want to see something just for kicks, go into Google, type in the search bar “Amleth’s Revenge”, click Images, and just look at how many images for Hamlet pop up. 

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Poor, Poor Ophelia

If you’ve been following my blog recently then you should already know that in my ENG4U class, we’ve been comparing and studying 4 main different versions of Hamlet (if you didn’t know this, here’s your update!). While in my last post I was comparing the different Hamlet characters and their “To be or not to be” soliloquies, I want to just shift the focus over to Ophelia for a moment here. I find it quite interesting that no matter what I look up about this play, the majority (not all) of the topics are about Hamlet the character; however, I find Ophelia to be a just as vital role in this play because no only does her character add something to the theme of insanity, but she also creates a side love story mixed with confusing and anxiety.

There are two major scenes which I want to discuss with Ophelia’s character. One is her little moment in the spot light after Hamlet’s “To be or not to be” speech when she is put into role by Claudius and her father, and the second (which isn’t as major as the first) when the dumb show is playing and the reactions and tensions between her and Hamlet.

As many directors may know, Ophelia’s character is portrayed to be very weak, shy, and isn’t quite able to stand up for herself. The different movie versions that we (my ENG4U class) watched, each show Ophelia in a different way, yet she still manages to fit with these original character traits.  Here is a list of the actresses who played Ophelia and which actor of Hamlet they are linked with:

Helena Bonham Carter —> Mel Gibson

Kate Winslet —> Kenneth Branagh

Lindagay Hamilton —> Campbell Scott

Mariah Gale —> David Tennant

During Mariah Gale’s scene of giving back Hamlet’s things after his speech, she seems to be quite genuine. When she first speaks to him, she does look as if she pity’s his insanity and really does care for him. As shes giving back the letters, her expression changes to wanting to get the task over with as if she remembered that her father and Claudius are watching them. When Hamlet all of a sudden reacts to her giving the letters back, she seems to be quite frightened by how ‘insane’ he is acting. After he looks up towards the security camera, she looks towards where her father and Claudius are hiding with an expression of concern because he found out and she doesn’t know what to do or how to react to what’s going on.  When she says “Help him you sweet heavens” myself, or the rest of my class, couldn’t help but laugh just because of how fake her acting seems every time she prays to God to heal him. I can see where the concept of this action came from, however, by constantly doing it over and over again, and how dull and unenthusiastic she looks through out it all just ruins the effect.  To see this scene between Hamlet and Ophelia click here but skip ahead to 2:57.

This version of Hamlet seems to be the best representation of Hamlet and Ophelia’s love for each other. Throughout all of the Act 2 scene 2 when Hamlet is acting crazy around her, Ophelia seems to be genuinely concerned for him due to her love for Hamlet. Also, during the dumb show, we can see how much they do care for each other because, although in different versions Hamlet seems to be making witty and rude remarks towards Ophelia, here is seems not as intense and you can still see her caring for him by the way she’s wrapping her arms around him. Here is a link to the dumb show scene, skip to 1:33:15 to see how connected Ophelia and Hamlet seem: even while he’s dancing around acting insane she smiles at him.

In the Helena Bonham Carter version, some of the most popular comments consist of how young Ophelia seems compared to Hamlet. I do agree with these comments; however, I feel that this only adds to the idea of how weak and shy Ophelia is portrayed compared to Hamlet. During the dumb show scene, when Hamlet is making his remarks towards Ophelia, she looks to be completely terrified by him and his insanity. Even when he looks at her, Ophelia seems to be always expecting the worse and thinking that at any moment, something bad is going to happen.

My personal favorite version of this scene would have to be the Lindagay Hamilton version. From the start, when Ophelia is being ‘caked’ up with makeup, to the end when Hamlet becomes paranoid, everything fits in with my original idea of how this scene would actually happen. The fact that the director decided to show Ophelia being dressed up shows how her father and Claudius are just putting her into roles to prove their points while ignoring what she thinks. This all adds to the idea that they’re playing Ophelia like a pawn in a chess game which could be one of the factors that lead her to her own mental insanity. At the very start of this scene, Ophelia looks like her emotions are being played with and she looks too afraid to actually go through with the plan. This version seems to show the most physical attraction between Ophelia and Hamlet, and because of this, also adds more physically suspension when Hamlet asks  where Ophelia’s father is.

In Kate Winslet`s version, Ophelia looks like she`s being forced to say what is coming out of her mouth. The fact that Ophelia keeps kissing Hamlet does raise his suspicious which makes her character seem even worse at lying to him. When Hamlet turns violent Ophelia just looks terrified which shows to us that she really didn`t want to confront him and adds to the idea of Claudius and Polonius playing Ophelia like a pawn in their game in order to prove their own points.

One thing that I noticed from all of the different verison`s of Hamlet was that, when the dumb show was playing, and the affection scene between Gertrude and King Hamlet was being played, the majority of the characters (Gertrude, Claudius, Horatio, Polonius, and Hamlet) realized that this was to be a connection of Gertrude and King Hamlet`s marriage; however, if you were to actually study Ophelia`s facial expressions, you can see that when these scenes come on, she stares at Hamlet as to think that this is somehow supposed to be a connection to their own little love story that`s going on.

Which Hamlet Is The Best?

As everyone knows, Hamlet by William Shakespeare has been one of the most famous plays written throughout our time. There have been countless stage productions and several film productions of Hamlet. In my ENG4U ( Grade 12 Academic English) class we have watched and compared four different film versions of Hamlet. The main scenes (up until this point) that we have analyzed and discussed are; Hamlet’s ” To be or not to be” speech; and Act III scene i when Ophelia and Hamlet “bump in” to each other in the lobby.

The different actors from these films which play Hamlet’s character are, Campbell Scott, David Tennant, Mel Gibson, and Kenneth Branagh. By watching all of these actor’s “To be or not to be” soliloquies, I fount Scott’s to be one of my favorites. Gibson’s entire scene has such good setting, location, and had a lot of potential, but I personally feel that the constant moving around, laying on the different graves, and laying on the ground was just too much and made the entire scene seem fake. The scene had a great set up and could have been one of the greatest versions of Hamlet‘s ” To be or not to be” scenes if Gibson was to maybe stay in only one or two spots and have more of the camera focus on him and his facial expressions rather  than his movements. With this version, I found it difficult to even debate whether Hamlet as a character has really gone insane or if he is just faking it. To me, this version only really emphasizes the degree of exhaustion that Hamlet is feeling at this point.

Click on the image of the movie poster to go the video of Mel Gibson's Hamlet "To be or not to be" scene

Click on the image of the movie poster to go the video of Mel Gibson’s Hamlet “To be or not to be” scene

 

One of the major flaws (that I personally found) in Gibson’s soliloquy was the amount of unnecessary movement that was included.  David Tennant’s version is the complete opposite because  for the entire speech, he is standing at a corner, half behind half beside, and it is a constant close up on his face which shows all of his emotion and expressions as a character. Now, I understand that I said I wish that in Gibson’s version there would be more close-ups, but I feel like the CONSTANT close up and not even a few instants of long shots didn’t quite help the scene either. This version of Hamlet does do a good job of showing the tension in Hamlet`s character of acting insane and actually going insane. The fact that he is leaning behind and in front of the corner can represent his own mental struggle between faking and turning insane.  I do feel that Tennant’s version was better than Gibson’s; however, I believe that if a few different shots and/or camera angles were to be added then it could have easily been one of the best versions of Hamlet‘s soliloquies.

Click on the movie poster to see David Tennant's version of Hamlet's "To be or not to be" scene

Click on the movie poster to see David Tennant’s version of Hamlet’s “To be or not to be” scene

 

One of my personal favorite versions of Hamlet`s “To be or not to be” soliloquies would have to be Kenneth Branagh’s version. I feel that in this version, Hamlet is shown to be more conniving than actually insane. This version supports the idea that Hamlet is only faking insanity around others because if you were to actually slow down the film, you can see that as Hamlet is opening the door, the sound and movement from Polonius’s and Claudius’s two-way mirror is still going, which would make Hamlet suspect that someone is watching him. Also, it seems to be too much of a coincidence that he would just randomly choose to give his speech in front of the mirror that Polonius and Claudius are hiding behind.  In addition to all of this, when Hamlet first walks into the hall, he looks around with an expression on his face that gives off the sense that he’s realized there are people watching him and that he’s planning out how to just add to their ‘entertainment’.

click on the movie poster to see Kenneth Branagh's version of Hamlet's "Too be or not to be" scene

click on the movie poster to see Kenneth Branagh’s version of Hamlet’s “Too be or not to be” scene

 

Last but not least, one of the best film performances of Hamlet (in my opinion), is Campbell Scott’s “To be or not to be” soliloquy. This version really shows how Hamlet has truly gone insane from all of the events in the past two months in his life. From a technical point of view, this scene has a large variety of angles and lighting techniques that enhance the scene. Also, the way that Scott uses the painting of Claudius shows his true hatred towards his uncle/step-father, and how angry he is about his father’s death.

I wasn’t able to find a link to Campbell Scott’s version of Hamlet because I think only purchased versions have been sold and there are no online versions.